LAHORE, Sep 9 (APP) : Environment Department will introduce very soon an environment friendly and cost effective technology of brick kilns. It was stated by Mrs. Zakia Shahnawaz, Minister for Environment, Punjab during addressing participants of a workshop being held in Chamber of Commerce & Industry, Lahore. She said that EPD is closely working with All Pakistan Brick Kilns Owners Association. Capt. Retd. Saif Anjum, Secretary Environment and Mr. NasimurRehman Shah, Director EPA are coordinating in this regard with the association.
She appreciated the efforts of Mr. Shoiab Khan Niazi and other members especially Haji Islam of All Pakistan Brick Kiln Association for establishment of new model ZigZag Technology Brick Kiln at Raiwind Road Lahore.
She also thanked Federal Government, ICIMOD, LCCI and Brick Kiln Association for arrangement of this training workshop.
Zakia Shahnawaz said that all existing brick kilns will be converted to new zigzag technology in case of success of model brick kiln.
It was briefed in the training workshop that in several developing countries including Pakistan, clay fired bricks are produced using traditional technologies, some of these practices have severe impacts on climate, agriculture and land use, and health. Various studies have established that these improvements in technology and practices can reduce fuel consumption and pollutants emissions (including black carbon) significantly.
Environment Department Punjab is working with All Pakistan Brick Kiln Owners Association and ICIMOD to explore the cost effective and environment friendly technologies. For this purpose, All Pakistan Brick Kiln Owners Association has visited Nepal this year to study the zig zag brick kilns established in Khatmandu (Nepal) with the collaboration of ICIMOD.
The Association and ICIMOD are convinced that this zig zag technology is very close to brick kilns of Pakistan. Representative of ICIMOD was of the view that 70% emissions can be reduced through this technology and their fuel efficiency is 40% better than our conventional brick kilns.
The clay brick-manufacturing sector in Pakistan, with an estimated 1.5% contribution to the GDP, is still a highly un-regulated and un-documented area.
There are about 10000 conventional brick kilns in the Punjab.
The typical processes for production of bricks consist of hand-made bricks which are baked in local made kilns. Mechanized brick making plants and different types of kilns like the tunnel kiln, Hoffman kiln, modified FCBTK and the VSBKs have also been introduced in different countries. Earlier attempts to introduce mechanized brick making and brick baking did not meet success owing to a mix of techno-operational and adaptability/ acceptability problems.