ISLAMABAD, May 25 (APP): The Economic Survey for the Fiscal Year 2016-17 revels that the macro-economic performance remains robust, with a steadily rising growth of 4.05 percent in FY2014, 4.06 percent in FY2015 and 4.51 percent in FY 2016. The economy continues to maintain its growth momentum above 4.0 percent for the 4th year in a row with highest growth at 5.28 percent in 10 years in FY2017.
Unveiled by the Federal Minister for Finance Senator Ishaq Dar at Planning Commission here Thursday, the Economic Survey further reveals that Pakistan has seen a noticeable economic turnaround over the last four years due to the implementation of a comprehensive economic revival programme.
Briefing the media about the performance of different sectors, the Finance Minister told that the key areas of reforms include fiscal consolidation through improved public financial management and tax administration, energy restructuring of energy sector including capacity enhancement, divestment through strategic private partnerships and strengthening of regulatory framework.
The Minister said that these reforms are complemented with a number of growth supporting steps such as National Power Policy, Kissan Package, Automotive Policy, Textile Policy, Strategic Trade Policy Framework (STPF) 2015-18, Prime Minister’s Package of Incentives for Exporters, Domestic Resource Mobilization Strategy, PSE Reforms Strategy, CPEC and National financial Inclusion Strategy.
The Finance Minister informed that the industrial sector contributed twenty one percent, agriculture twenty percent and services sixty percent to the GDP.
Giving a breakdown, Ishaq Dar said that agriculture growth remained 3.46 percent, services 5.98 and industries 5.02 percent.
Ishaq Dar said that six percent growth target has been set for the next financial year.
About the industrial growth, Ishaq Dar said that the large scale manufacturing sector is on a positive trajectory while the construction industries witnessed a growth of nine point zero five percent during the outgoing year.
Turning to the agriculture sector, the Finance Minister reminded that its growth remained 0.27 percent last year. Kissan package worth 341 billion rupees has paid the dividends to raise its growth to 3.46 percent this year. Under the Kissan package, he said the agriculture inputs including fertilizers were subsidized.
He said the production of different major crops also witnessed an increase during the period. Wheat crop production remained 25.75 million tonnes this year as compared to 25.63 million tonnes last year.
Cotton production remained 10.7 million bales this year as compared to 9.92 million bales last year. He said efforts are being made to further improve cotton production in order to domestically meet the demand of textile industry.
About the agriculture credit, he was confident that it will achieve the target of seven hundred billion dollars this year.
Ishaq Dar said inflation according to Consumer Price Index (CPI) was 8.69 percent in 2013-14 and it is expected to close at 4.09 percent at the end of the current financial year as a result of measures taken by the Government.
He said exports are 17.91 billion dollars in the first ten months of the current fiscal year. He said the exports are likely to close at 21.76 billion dollars.
He said package given to exports has been enforced and this will continue during the next financial year. He pointed out that imports of the country have increased to 37.40 billion dollars during the first ten months of current fiscal year as compared to 33.44 billion dollars during the same period last year.
These are expected to close at 45.48 billion dollars at the end of the year. He said import of plants and machinery have been increased by forty percent which good for the growing economy.
Finance Minister said current accounts deficit is expected to close at 8.3 percent this financial year.
He said remittances are expected to close at 19.5 percent this year showing a decline of 2.6 percent. He said Foreign Direct Investment has increased to 1.73 billion dollars during the first ten months of this year as compared to 807 million dollars during this period last year. He said it is expected to reach 2.58 billion dollars.
He said at present, foreign exchange reserves stand at just under twenty billion dollars. He said exchange rate as of 22nd of this month was 104.87 which is satisfactory.
Ishaq Dar said per capita income was 1333 dollars in 2013 which has increased to 1629 dollars.
About the performance of stocks, the Finance Minister said the market capitalization has doubled over the last four years. He said the decision of merging different stocks into Pakistan Stock Market helped earn the status of best performing market in Asia and the fifth largest in the world. He was confident to close the financial year at the fiscal deficit of four point two percent which was eight point eight percent when the present government assumed power.
About the net public debt, the Finance Minister said it stands at 18892 billion rupees which is 59.3 percent of the GDP.
Ishaq Dar said that FBR is expected to achieve the revised collection target of 3521 billion rupees.
About the war on terror, the Finance Minister said that it has cost the country 123.13 billion dollars. He said the country is annually spending ninety to one hundred billion rupees in the war on terror.
He said that one hundred billion rupees will be set aside for the next fiscal year for the rehabilitation and reconstruction of tribal areas. The amount will also be used for raising new wings of civil armed forces.
The Minister said that the government’s efforts to improve Pakistan’s business climate and to attract higher investment inflows have been underpinned by the National Doing Business Reform Strategy